California’s Age-Appropriate Design Code Act threatens the foundational principle of the internet

In Politics by Michael Rae

Executive Summary

In September 2022, California Gov. Gavin Newsom signed Assembly Bill 2273, the California Age-Appropriate Design Code Act (AADC). The AADC is a far-reaching law that imposes many new requirements on most businesses in California.

Among other problematic provisions, the California Age-Appropriate Design Code Act imposes on websites an age-assurance requirement. Regulated businesses are required to estimate the age of their users with “a reasonable level of certainty appropriate to the risks that arise from the data management practices of the business.” Alternatively, they must apply those privacy and data protections to all consumers.

In December 2022, NetChoice, an association of