50 Years Ago Today: The Detroit Riot and the Decline of Civil Rights Liberalism (III)

(continued from Part II)
After the Watts riot of 1965, bureaucrats in the administrative state (e.g., EEOC, Small Business Administration) created racial preferences in employment and lending programs based on their own administrative authority, not any explicit authorization from the Congress. Indeed, the Democratic majority (and the Republican minority) were adamantly opposed to racial discrimination against or for any “group.” For this reason, agencies like the SBA could not ask applicants their race; instead, the bureaucrats relied on visual profiling. This greatly hampered efforts to discriminate in favor of African Americans (which is what those bureaucrats wanted to do). In retrospect, the

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